3 things to know about Original Medicare:
Medicare is a federal program that ensures U.S. citizens and permanent legal residents 65 years of age and older and younger individuals with certain disabilities or End Stage Renal Disease have affordable health care coverage options.
In 2020, more than 62 million people are enrolled in Medicare, according to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.1
There are 4 parts of Medicare: Parts A, B, C, and D. Each part offers different covered services.
“Original Medicare” refers to Medicare Parts A and B. These parts are provided by the federal government. Medicare Part C health plans and Part D prescription drug plans are provided by private insurance companies.
In order to qualify for Medicare coverage, you must be at least 65 years old and a citizen (or permanent legal resident) of the United States.
You also may qualify if you are under 65 and receive Social Security disability benefits, or if you have ALS (Lou Gehrig's Disease) or End-Stage Renal Disease.
Some people are enrolled in Medicare automatically. If you are not automatically signed up for Medicare, you will have to sign up for it manually.
The first time you can enroll in Medicare is typically during your Initial Enrollment Period (IEP).
Your IEP is a seven-month period that begins three months before you turn 65 years old, includes the month of your birthday and continues for an additional three months.
If you don't sign up for Medicare during your IEP, you will have to wait until the General Enrollment Period to enroll.
The Medicare General Enrollment Period takes place from January 1 to March 31 each year.
More info: Medicare eligibility and enrollment
Each part of Original Medicare provides different benefits.
More info: Medicare benefits
Most people qualify for premium-free Part A. If you don't qualify for premium-free Part A, you will have to pay either $252 per month or $458 per month in 2020 for your Part A coverage.
Part B comes with a standard premium that is $144.60 per month in 2020. Higher income earners may pay more for their Part B premiums because of the IRMAA (or Income-Related Monthly Adjustment Amount).
Both Part A and Part B have out-of-pocket costs such as deductibles, coinsurance and copayments.
Original Medicare is accepted by the majority of health care providers in all 50 states, Washington D.C., Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands and the Northern Mariana Islands.
Many health care providers may accept Medicare assignment. This means that they accept Medicare reimbursement as payment in full for their services or items.
Providers who don't accept Medicare assignment do not accept the Medicare-approved amount as full payment. They reserve the right to charge up to 15 percent more than the Medicare-approved amount for their services or items.
Part A is hospital insurance and is the first half of Original Medicare. Its coverage includes inpatient hospital stays, hospice care, and skilled nursing facility care.
Generally, you must have Medicare Part A to get Medicare Parts B, C, or D.
It is premium-free for most Medicare enrollees.
More info: Medicare Part A
Part B is medical insurance and is the second half of Original Medicare. Its coverage includes outpatient hospital care, preventative care, doctors services, and other non-emergency medical care.
You must pay a monthly premium to get Part B coverage.
More info: Medicare Part B
In most cases, Original Medicare does not provide coverage for any of the following:
Some Medicare Advantage plans offer coverage for things like hearing aids, routine vision care such as eye exams and glasses, and routine dental care such as teeth cleanings and dentures. Some plans may also offer non-emergency transportation, home meal delivery and more.
Medicare Part A and Part B benefits are typically available to people who have been diagnosed with End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD), even if they are under age 65.
Original Medicare covers inpatient health care and outpatient medical treatment that includes preventive care, durable medical equipment and other treatment and therapy services.
While Original Medicare doesn't cover things like retail prescription drugs, routine dental care and most long-term care, some Medicare Advantage plans and other Medicare plan options may provide coverage that Original Medicare doesn't.
Original Medicare typically covers pre-existing conditions. A Medicare Special Needs Plan (SNP) is a type of Medicare Advantage plan that can cover specific pre-existing conditions and diseases such as cancer, diabetes, chronic heart failure and more.
You can order a replacement Medicare card through the Social Security Administration over the phone, online or in person. It can take up to 30 days for your new Medicare card to arrive in the mail.
The Part B premium typically increases slightly each year. The standard Part B premium in 2020 is $144.60, and it may remain the same in 2021.
Medicare Advantage plans cover everything that Part A and Part B cover, and most Medicare also offer prescription drug coverage, all in one plan.
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1 Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. Medicare Enrollment Dashboard. Retrieved June 2020 from www.cms.gov/Research-Statistics-Data-and-Systems/Statistics-Trends-and-Reports/CMSProgramStatistics/Dashboard.