Published April 2, 2020
Are millennials actually less afraid of the global coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic than baby boomers and other older adults? Our survey of more than 500 Americans suggests otherwise.
We polled millennials aged 24 to 39 and older adults aged 55 and up about their different fears surrounding the pandemic.
We found that millennials are much more acutely worried about the economic, social, nutritional and overall health fallout from the COVID-19 outbreak than their elders.
Those increased concerns rang true across a number of specific factors, such as the ability to obtain health care or even becoming infected with the disease itself.
Among the worries about COVID-19 is the economic fallout, as millions of people have been put out of work and the stock market tumbles due to the pandemic.
According to the data, it’s millennials who are worried the most, despite typically having less money to lose than baby boomers.
With Democrats and Republicans divided on the government’s response to COVID-19, many people are fearful of the political fallout during an already tumultuous time.
Millennials, however, are much more concerned about the political impacts of the novel coronavirus outbreak than their baby boomer counterparts.
60% of young adults say they are either “extremely” or “very much” afraid of the long-term negative political effects of the outbreak. Only 47% of seniors report the same level of anxiety.
One might assume older adults are more concerned about access to health care amid an outbreak that has left hospitals and doctor’s offices overcrowded and understaffed.
After all, this demographic relies on the health care system more than younger generations do, and they are at greater risk of serious infection and death from COVID-19.
However, fewer baby boomers (44%) report being “extremely” or “very much” afraid that they won’t be able to get the health care services and prescription medications they need, compared the number of millennials (52%) who report the same level of fear.
Nearly twice as many seniors (27%) as millennials (15%), in fact, report they are “not at all” afraid of lacking access to health care services.
And when it comes to anxiety over contracting the novel coronavirus, 44% of younger respondents say they are “extremely” or “very much” afraid of contracting COVID-19, which is surprisingly higher than the 36% of older adults who share the same levels of fear.
Some seniors already face certain challenges with obtaining food and groceries, but the COVID-19 outbreak doesn’t seem to be heightening those fears.
When asked how much they fear their diet will suffer during an extended period of social distancing due to overeating and/or snacking on less healthy foods, 36% of millennials are “extremely afraid” or “very much afraid.”
Only 22% of baby boomers report the same levels of anxiety.
In a surprising display of similarity, both millennials and boomers reported similar levels of intense anxiety when asked how much they fear their favorite restaurant closing permanently due to the COVID-19 outbreak as they did when asked how much they fear being infected with the virus itself.
Isolation is a threat to many seniors, and the prospect of stay-at-home or shelter-in-place orders add another dimension to this existing health concern.
Isolation and social distancing can place a strain on relationships with friends and family. But once again, this concern is felt more acutely by millennials.
While baby boomers and other older adults are concerned about aspects of the fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic, millennials are much more acutely afraid of the outbreak and how life may change as a result.
Recent headlines have shown young adults eschewing warnings about social distancing and heading to spring break to party, but this survey suggests that perhaps the millennial generation is not to blame and is taking the pandemic very seriously.
Falling between the ages of 24 and 39, millennials are typically young adults who are still in the early to middle stages of their careers, and many millennial parents have young dependent children.
These factors, plus the economic insecurity that has plagued the millennial generation since the 2008 Great Recession, may contribute to the increased anxiety reflected in millennials' responses to our survey.
This study was conducted March 26-28, 2020, using Cloud Research via Amazon's Mechanical Turk. The total survey side included 503 respondents.
Participants were filtered to exclude heavy users of the Mechanical Turk platform, as well as based on completion time and failure to follow written instructions within the survey.
Margin of error: +/- 4% (95% confidence interval)
This survey relies on self-reported data.
While we tried to remain as scientific as possible in our methodology, any study of health remains highly subjective. These results show an association but do not prove causality.
This article is for informational purposes only. It is not healthcare advice, treatment or diagnosis. Speak to your doctor about your healthcare needs, especially if you experience any COVID-19 infection symptoms.
Of course we would love for you to share our work with others. We just ask that if you do, please grant us the proper citation with a link to this study so that we may be given credit for our efforts.
Our research reports analyze a number of issues important to seniors, from health perceptions, medical communication, health habits, and more.