Does Medicare Cover Genetic Testing?

Medicare typically doesn’t cover genetic tests, except in specific instances. Medicare Advantage plans may cover genetic tests if they are medically necessary to diagnose a certain condition. Learn more about Medicare Advantage plan coverage.

Medicare may cover genetic testing when it is ordered by a doctor, but only for specific types of cancer, and only if you meet certain criteria.

Medicare Advantage (Part C) plans may also cover medically necessary genetic tests in very limited circumstances for certain types of cancer.

Many Medicare Advantage plans cover prescription drugs and offer annual out-of-pocket spending limits for Part A and Part B services, both of which are not offered by Original Medicare (Part A and Part B).

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What genetic tests are covered by Medicare?

Original Medicare typically does not cover preventative genetic tests.

Medicare Part B medical insurance may cover genetic testing in the following situations:

  • You have signs or symptoms that may be able to be diagnosed with a genetic test

  • Your metabolism of certain drugs needs to be assessed

  • You have a personal history of breast cancer (or BRCA1 and BRCA2, two genetic indicators of breast cancer) and meet other specific criteria

  • You have a history of epithelial ovarian cancer, fallopian tube cancer or primary peritoneal cancer

Medicare Part B may also cover a screening test for colorectal cancer once every 3 years.

If your genetic test is not covered by Medicare, you may be responsible for 100 percent of the cost.

How much do genetic tests cost with Medicare?

If Medicare covers your genetic testing, there are some out-of-pocket costs you should expect to pay, which may include:

  • Part B deductible
  • Part B coinsurance or copayment

Medicare Part B deductible and genetic tests

For all beneficiaries, the Medicare Part B deductible is $233 per year in 2022.

Medicare Part B coinsurance or copayment

When you reach your Part B deductible, you will typically pay 20 percent of the Medicare-approved amount for most doctor’s services.

Talk to your doctor for specific cost and coverage information.

Medicare Advantage plans may offer additional benefits

Medicare Advantage plans are sold by private insurance companies and are an alternative to Original Medicare. Medicare Advantage plans cover the same benefits that are covered by Original Medicare.

If your genetic test is covered by Original Medicare, it will also be covered by a Medicare Advantage plan.

Many Medicare Advantage plans may offer prescription drug coverage. Some plans may also offer coverage for routine dental, hearing and vision care, as well as some other benefits.

A licensed insurance agent can help you compare available Medicare Advantage plans in your area. Call to speak with an agent today to learn if you’re eligible to enroll and find a plan that fits your needs.

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About the author

Christian Worstell is a licensed insurance agent and a Senior Staff Writer for He is passionate about helping people navigate the complexities of Medicare and understand their coverage options.

His work has been featured in outlets such as Vox, MSN, and The Washington Post, and he is a frequent contributor to health care and finance blogs.

Christian is a graduate of Shippensburg University with a bachelor’s degree in journalism. He currently lives in Raleigh, NC.

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