In 2003, just over five million Medicare beneficiaries enrolled in a Medicare Advantage plan, which represented only 13 percent of the total Medicare beneficiary population.
By 2017, total Medicare Advantage enrollment had more than tripled to reach more than 19 million, which is around one out of every three Medicare beneficiaries.1
What could this growth trend tell us about the future of the Medicare Advantage program? Here are four possibilities based on current health care trends.
Medicare Advantage plans offer the same benefits that are covered by Medicare Part A and Part B (Original Medicare), and many Medicare Advantage plans offer additional benefits not covered by Original Medicare.
These extra benefits may include coverage for:
These additional benefits can serve as an incentive to consumers. Some plans even offer more benefits like memberships to gyms or wellness programs such as SilverSneakers.
These extra benefits first have to be approved by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) before being included in a plan.
In 2018, CMS expanded its definition of the “primary health-related” benefits that insurance companies are allowed to include in Medicare Advantage plans. As a result, new benefits may be coming to Medicare Advantage plans as early as 2019.
These new benefits may include services such as:
The number of available Medicare Advantage plan options in the U.S. is on the rise.
In 2012, there were a total of 1,974 Medicare Advantage plans available nationwide. By 2018, that number had increased 17 percent to reach 2,317.2 Also in 2018, the average Medicare beneficiary could choose from 21 available plan options, compared to only 18 plan options in 2014.2
From 2010 to 2018, the weighted average monthly premium for Medicare Advantage plans that include prescription drug coverage dropped from $44 to $36, including a decrease from $66 to $55 per month for local Preferred Provider Organization (PPO) plans.1
CMS announced a 6 percent decrease in the average Medicare Advantage plan monthly premium costs for 2018,3 and many plans offer $0 premiums.
With more Medicare Advantage plan options being sold by more providers, the increased competition between insurance companies helps keep costs low for consumers. And with more benefits being approved for use, plan providers may gain even greater flexibility with their pricing and coverage offerings.
The Affordable Care Act (also known as Obamacare) put an incentive system in place for Medicare Advantage plans. Beginning in 2012, plans that provide high-quality care will receive a bonus or rebate. By law, the bonus money must be reinvested in additional plan benefits.
Going forward, Medicare Advantage plan providers will no doubt continue to adapt and improve the quality of the plans they offer in order to meet these bonus requirements.
In addition to the bonus program, Medicare issues star ratings for all Medicare Advantage plans each year, and these Medicare Star Ratings can be a large point of emphasis for shoppers.5
Medicare offers a Special Enrollment Period for anyone who is not enrolled in a five-star Medicare Advantage plan (the highest Medicare Star Rating) and wants to switch to one. The continued emphasis on star ratings by Medicare Advantage consumers could help keep plan quality in check for years to come.
If Medicare Advantage plan benefits and quality continue to increase while prices remain stable or possibly drop, Medicare Advantage enrollment will likely continue to go up as well.
The Baby Boomer generation is now aging into Medicare eligibility, and there are more people age 65 and older in America with each passing day.
Humana, one company that provides Medicare Advantage plans, pulled out of the individual health insurance exchange in 2018 to invest more heavily in the Medicare Advantage program.6
Steven Nelson, CEO of Medicare Advantage plan provider UnitedHealthcare, predicted that 50% of seniors will soon be enrolled in a Medicare Advantage plan.7
Nobody knows for sure what the future will hold, but there are plenty of reasons to be optimistic about the future of Medicare Advantage plans.
You can enroll in a Medicare Advantage plan during your Initial Enrollment Period, when you first become eligible for Medicare.
You can also enroll in a Medicare Advantage plan during the annual Fall Open Enrollment Period, which lasts from October 15 to December 7 each year.
To learn more about Medicare Advantage plans in your area, speak with a licensed insurance agent today by calling TTY Users: 711 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
1 Kaiser Family Foundation. Medicare Advantage. (Oct. 10, 2017). Retrieved from www.kff.org/medicare/fact-sheet/medicare-advantage.
2 Jacobsen, Gretchen; Damico, Anthony; Neuman, Tricia. Medicare Advantage 2018 Data Spotlight: First Look. (Oct. 2017). Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved from http://files.kff.org/attachment/Issue-Brief-Medicare-Advantage-2018-Data-Spotlight-First-Look.
3 CMS.gov. Medicare offers more health coverage choices and decreased premiums in 2018. (Sep. 28, 2017). Retrieved from www.cms.gov/newsroom/press-releases/medicare-offers-more-health-coverage-choices-and-decreased-premiums-2018.
4 $0 premium plans not available in all locations. You must continue to pay your Part B premiums.
5 Medicare evaluates plans based on a 5-star rating system. Star Ratings are calculated each year and may change from one year to the next.
6 Masterson, Les. Humana to focus on Medicare Part D and Medicare Advantage. (April 22, 2017). Healthcare Dive. Retrieved from www.healthcaredive.com/news/humana-to-focus-on-medicare-part-d-and-medicare-advantage/441018.
7 Japsen, Bruce. UnitedHealth Group Predicts 50% of Seniors Will Choose Medicare Advantage. (July 20, 2017). Forbes. Retrieved from www.forbes.com/sites/brucejapsen/2017/07/20/unitedhealth-group-predicts-50-of-seniors-will-choose-medicare-advantage.